New Historicism

New Historicism is a general term for a loosely organised approach to literary study that looks at the historical context of a work from a perspective influenced by poststructuralism. It rejects the traditional distinction between the text and the context – that is, between the play or poem and the historical conditions existing at the time it was written, in a way that reminds us of the method … [Read more...]

Structuralism

Structuralism is a method of intellectual analysis (or “mode of thought”) employed by a number of French symbolists, literary critics, anthropologists, philosophers, and psychologists who, since the 1960’s have been called “structuralists”. Though structuralism has no common vocabulary or specific doctrines, some structuralists employ interdisciplinary approaches in an attempt to develop … [Read more...]

Post-Structuralism

The term, post-structuralism, is sometimes used almost interchangeably with deconstruction, while, at other times it is seen as a more general, umbrella term which describes a movement of which one important element is deconstruction. Thus Richard Harland, for example, suggests that post-structuralists fall into three main groups: the Tel Quel (a French journal) group of Jaques Derrida, Julia … [Read more...]